A Picture of the Flag of Peru

Peru Facts

  • Country Name: Peru
  • Continent: South America
  • Primary Language: Spanish
  • Population: 32,824,358 (2020 estimate)
  • Currency: Sol (PEN)
  • GDP: 222.045 billion (2018, World Bank)

27 Peru Facts for Kids

  1. Peru is a country on the continent of South America.
  2. The official name for Peru is the Republic of Peru.
  3. A native or resident of Peru is called a Peruvian.v
  4. The primary language spoken in Peru is Spanish.v
  5. The capital of Peru is Lima.
  6. The population of Peru is 32,824,358 based on 2020 estimates.
  7. According to estimates by the United Nations in 2019, Peru was the 43rd most populated country in the world.
  8. The national currency of Peru is the sol (PEN).
  9. In 2018, the World Bank estimated the GDP of Peru was 222.045 billion USD.v
  10. According to estimates by the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Peru was 44th on the list of countries with the highest GDP (PPP) in 2019.
  11. The country of Peru covers 496,224.5 square miles.
  12. Peru is the 21st largest country by square miles.
  13. The largest city in Peru is Lima.
  14. Lima in Peru is home to about one-third of the nation.
  15. Lima in Peru was ranked 31st in most populated urban areas.
  16. The highest point in Peru is the Huascarán mountain, also referred to as Mataraju Mountain at 22,205 feet.
  17. The longest river in Peru is the Ucayali River at 910 miles long.
  18. Ucayali River in Peru is one of the main flows of water into the Amazon River.
  19. The largest lake in Peru is Titicaca Lake at 3,232 square smiles.
  20. Titicaca Lake in Peru is the largest lake in South America.
  21. The government of Peru is a Unitary presidential republic.
  22. The country of Peru is divided into 196 provinces.
  23. Drivers in Peru drive on the right side of the road.
  24. The country calling code for Peru is +51.
  25. The ISO 3166 code for Peru is PE.
  26. The national anthem of Peru is called “Himno Nacional del Perú” or “National Anthem of Peru”, it is also referred to as “Marcha Nacional del Perú” or “National March of Peru”.
  27. The motto of Peru is “Firme y feliz por la unión” or “Firm and Happy for the Union” in English.

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