A Picture of the Flag of Colombia

Colombia Facts

  • Country Name: Colombia
  • Continent: South America
  • Primary Language: Spanish
  • Population: 48,258,494 (2019 estimate)
  • Currency: Peso (COP)
  • GDP: 331.047 billion (2018, World Bank)

26 Colombia Facts for Kids

  1. Colombia is a country on the continent of South America.
  2. The official name for Colombia is the Republic of Colombia.
  3. A native or resident of Colombia is called a Colombian.
  4. The primary language spoken in Colombia is Spanish. However, English is also official in the archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia, and Santa Catalina.
  5. The capital of Colombia is Bogotá.
  6. The population of Colombia was 48,258,494 based on 2019 estimates.
  7. According to estimates by the United Nations in 2019, Colombia was the 29th most populated country in the world.
  8. The national currency of Colombia is the Peso (COP).
  9. In 2018, the World Bank estimated the GDP of Colombia was 331.047 billion USD.
  10. According to estimates by the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Colombia was 31st on the list of countries with the highest GDP (PPP) in 2019.
  11. The country of Colombia covers 439,740 square miles.
  12. Colombia is the 27th largest country by square miles.
  13. The largest city in Colombia is Bogotá.
  14. Bogotá in Colombia is ranked third in the highest capital cities in the world at about 8,660ft above sea level.
  15. The highest point in Colombia is Pico Cristóbal Colón Mountain at 18,700 feet.
  16. The longest river in Colombia is the Magdalena River at 949 miles long.
  17. The largest lake in Colombia is Lake Tota at 21 square miles.
  18. Lake Tota in Colombia was once a sacred religious location for the Muisca culture.
  19. The government of Colombia is a Unitary presidential constitutional republic.
  20. The country of Colombia is divided into 32 departments.
  21. Drivers in Colombia drive on the right side of the road.
  22. The country calling code for Colombia is +57.
  23. The ISO 3166 code for Colombia is CO.
  24. The national anthem of Colombia is called the “Himno Nacional de la República de Colombia” or “National Anthem of the Republic of Colombia” in English.
  25. The motto of Colombia is “Libertad y Orden” or “Freedom and Order” in English.
  26. Colombia has an estimated population of 90% Christians.

Find More Facts About Colombia