Martin Luther King Jr. Facts
- Name: Martin Luther King Jr.
- Profession: Christian Minister and Activist
- Born: January 15th, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia, United States
- Died: April 4th, 1968 in Memphis, Tennessee, United States
- Resting Place: Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historical Park
- Legacy: Famous for advancing civil rights without violence
26 Martin Luther King Jr. Facts for Kids
- Martin Luther King Jr. was an African American civil rights activist and Christian minister.
- Martin Luther King Jr. is most famous for his efforts in advancing civil rights without the use of violence.
- Martin Luther King Jr. was born on January 15th, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia, United States.
- Martin Luther King Jr. birth name was Michael King Jr.
- Martin Luther King Jr. was the son of African American Baptist pastor Martin Luther King Sr. and Alberta Christine Williams King.
- Martin Luther King Jr. was one of three children by Martin and Alberta King.
- Martin Luther King Jr. married Coretta Scott King on June 18th, 1953 in Heiberger, Alabama, United States.
- Martin and Coretta King had four children, two boys and two girls.
- The children of Martin and Coretta King are Yolanda King, Martin Luther King III, Dexter King and Bernice King.
- Martin Luther King Jr. was shot and killed by James Earl Ray at the age of 39 on April 4th, 1968.
- Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee, USA at 6:01pm CST.
- In 1946, the Atlanta Constitution newspaper publishes an article by King on the rights of minorities.
- In 1948, King received his Bachelor of Arts in sociology (BA) from Morehouse College at the age of 19.
- In 1951, King received his Bachelor of Divinity (B.Div) from Crozer Theological Seminary at the age of 21.
- In 1955, King received his doctorate degree (Ph.D.) from Boston University at the age of 26.
- On December 5th, 1955, King is elected the president of the newly created Montgomery Improvement Association. The use the December 1st incident involving Rosa Park’s on a Montgomery City bus to start a bus boycott.
- On November 13th, 1956, the Alabama bus segregation laws are struck down as unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court and the Montgomery City bus boycott ends.
- On March 25th, 1965, King gave his speech titled “How Long, Not Long” in Montgomery, Alabama. This was speech he gave after Selma to Montgomery marches were completed.
- In 1967, King publishes his fourth and last book titled “Where Do We Go from Here: Chaos or Community?”.
- On April 4th, 1967, King gives his speech titled “Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence”.
- On August 28th, 1963, King gave his most famous speech titled “I Have a Dream”. He gave this famous speech during the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.
- In 1964, King was awarded the Nobel Peace prize for civil rights and social justice.
- On April 3rd, 1968, King gives his final speech titled “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop” before he’s assassinated.
- On April 4th, 1968, King is assassinated by James Earl Ray on the balcony of the Lorraine Motel.
- In 1977, King is posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
- In 2004, King is posthumously awarded the Congressional Gold Medal.
Pictures of Martin Luther King Jr.
A picture of the Martin Luther King Jr. monument in Washington, D.C.
A picture of the bridge where Bloody Sunday occurred in Selma, Alabama.
A picture of a street sign for a street named after Martin Luther King Jr.
Additional Resources on Martin Luther King Jr.
- About Martin Luther King Jr. – Find more information on Martin Luther King Jr. on the Nobel Prize website.
- Biography of Martin Luther King Jr. – Read the biography of Martin Luther King Jr. on the Biography website.
- Timeline of Martin Luther King Jr. – View a timeline of the life of Martin Luther King Jr. on the Stanford University website.
- Martin Luther King Jr. – Britannica – Discover more facts and information about Martin Luther King Jr. on the Britannica website.