- Name: Horse
- Genus: Equus
- Species: E. ferus
- Trinomial Name: Equus ferus caballus (subspecies)
- Lifespan: Between 25 and 30 years
- Diet: Herbivorous
- Range: Worldwide (Domesticated)
24 Horse Facts for Kids
- Horses are members of the Equus genus.
- The trinomial name for horses is Equus ferus caballus.
- Horses first appeared on our planet around 50 million years ago.
- Horses can be found in every country around the world, except on the Antarctica continent.
- Horses have been domesticated by humans.
- It’s estimated humans first domesticated horses between 3000 and 4000 B.C. in Asia.
- Horses have a lifespan between 25 and 30 years depending on the breed, environment and management.
- Horses are herbivores and eat vegetation.
- Domesticated horses also eat barley, bran, hay and rolled oats.
- A horse can walk between 3.1 and 5 miles per hour.
- A horse can gallop between 25 and 30 miles per hour.
- An adult male horse is called a stallion.
- A young male horse is called a colt.
- An adult female horse is called a mare.
- A young female horse is called a filly.
- Female horses have a gestation period (conception to birth) of about 11 months.
- A new born horse can walk within a few hours of birth.
- There are over 400 horse breeds around the world.
- Thoroughbreds are one of the best-known horse breeds because of their popularity in horse racing.
- Arabian horses are one of the oldest horse breeds in the world, dating back 4,500 years in the Middle East.
- Friesian horses are common in movies and television shows due to their colors and striking appearance.
- Mustangs are horses that are free-roaming (feral, not domesticated) in the Western United States.
- On Monday, May 12th, 2008 a horse named Winning Brew set the world record for the fastest two furlongs at 43.97 miles per hour.
- The horse Old Billy has the record for the longest lifespan, Old Billy lived to be 62 years old.
A picture of an Arabian horse.
Credit: Horse Canada
A picture of a Quarter Horse.
Credit: Busby Quarter Horses
A picture of a Thoroughbred horse.
Credit: Stallions Now
Additional Resources on Horses
- Horse – Encyclopedia Britannica Britannica – Discover more about horses on the Encyclopedia Britannica website.
- Horse – National Geographic – Find more cool horse facts on the National Geographic website.
- Horses — Breeds of Livestock, Department of Animal Science – View the different breeds of horses at the Oklahoma State University website.