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- Name: Sodium
- Symbol: Na
- Atomic Number: 11
- Atomic Weight: 22.989769 u
- Period: 3
- Group: 1
23 Sodium Facts for Kids
- Sodium is a chemical element on the periodic table.
- Sodium is a soft metal that is malleable and shinny.
- Sodium was first isolated and discovered by Cornish chemist and inventor Humphry Davy in 1807.
- Sodium is a solid at room temperature.
- The symbol for sodium is Na.
- The atomic number for sodium is 11.
- The standard atomic weight of sodium is 22.989769 u.
- Sodium is in the alkaline earth metal group on the periodic table.
- Sodium is a period 3 chemical element, which is the third row of the periodic table.
- Sodium is a group 1 chemical element, which is the lithium group.
- Sodium has only one stable isotope and it is 23Na.
- 23Na is created by stars with at least 3 solar masses during their carbon-burning process.
- The melting point for sodium is 208.029 °F (97.794 °C).
- The boiling point for sodium is 1,621.292 °F (882.940 °C).
- Sodium is the 6th most abundant of all the element found in the Earth.
- Sodium is the 9th most abundant element found in the human body.
- Sodium is important to the human body and its functions.
- Sodium helps the human body regulate blood pressure, blood volume, osmotic equilibrium and pH.
- Table salt, or simply salt, is made from sodium chloride.
- Excessive intact of sodium can cause Hypertension, commonly called high blood pressure, in humans.
- Sodium is used in high-pressure sodium lamps to produce light and output around 100 lumens per watt.
- When burned, sodium will produce a yellow flame.
- There is enough sodium chloride in all of oceans to bury the entire USA in almost 1.5 miles of salt.
Additional Resources on Sodium
- Sodium – RSC – Learn more about the chemical element sodium on the Royal Society of Chemistry website.
- Sodium – JLabs – Read more sodium facts and information on the Jefferson Science Education website.
- Sodium – Wikipedia – Discover things you didn’t know about sodium on the Wikipedia website.
- Sodium Facts – Find more sodium facts and information on the Live Science website.