Sodium Facts for Kids

Sodium Periodic Table
  • Name: Sodium
  • Symbol: Na
  • Atomic Number: 11
  • Atomic Weight: 22.989769 u
  • Period: 3
  • Group: 1

23 Sodium Facts for Kids

  1. Sodium is a chemical element on the periodic table.
  2. Sodium is a soft metal that is malleable and shinny.
  3. Sodium was first isolated and discovered by Cornish chemist and inventor Humphry Davy in 1807.
  4. Sodium is a solid at room temperature.
  5. The symbol for sodium is Na.
  6. The atomic number for sodium is 11.
  7. The standard atomic weight of sodium is 22.989769 u.
  8. Sodium is in the alkaline earth metal group on the periodic table.
  9. Sodium is a period 3 chemical element, which is the third row of the periodic table.
  10. Sodium is a group 1 chemical element, which is the lithium group.
  11. Sodium has only one stable isotope and it is 23Na.
  12. 23Na is created by stars with at least 3 solar masses during their carbon-burning process.
  13. The melting point for sodium is 208.029 °F (97.794 °C).
  14. The boiling point for sodium is 1,621.292 °F (882.940 °C).
  15. Sodium is the 6th most abundant of all the element found in the Earth.
  16. Sodium is the 9th most abundant element found in the human body.
  17. Sodium is important to the human body and its functions.
  18. Sodium helps the human body regulate blood pressure, blood volume, osmotic equilibrium and pH.
  19. Table salt, or simply salt, is made from sodium chloride.
  20. Excessive intact of sodium can cause Hypertension, commonly called high blood pressure, in humans.
  21. Sodium is used in high-pressure sodium lamps to produce light and output around 100 lumens per watt.
  22. When burned, sodium will produce a yellow flame.
  23. There is enough sodium chloride in all of oceans to bury the entire USA in almost 1.5 miles of salt.

Additional Resources on Sodium

  • Sodium – RSC – Learn more about the chemical element sodium on the Royal Society of Chemistry website.
  • Sodium – JLabs – Read more sodium facts and information on the Jefferson Science Education website.
  • Sodium – Wikipedia – Discover things you didn’t know about sodium on the Wikipedia website.
  • Sodium Facts – Find more sodium facts and information on the Live Science website.