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- Name: Gold
- Symbol: Au
- Atomic Number: 79
- Atomic Weight: 196.96657 u
- Period: 6
- Group: 11
24 Gold Facts for Kids
- Gold is a chemical element on the periodic table.
- Gold was first discovered in the Middle East prior to 6000 BC.
- Gold is a solid at room temperature.
- The symbol for gold is Au.
- The atomic number for gold is 79.
- The standard atomic weight for gold is 196.96657 u.
- Gold is in the transition metal element category on the periodic table.
- Gold is a period 6 chemical element, which is the sixth row on the periodic table.
- Gold is a group 11 chemical element, which is the copper group.
- Gold has one stable isotope.
- The melting point for gold is 1,947 °F (1,064 °C).
- The boiling point for gold is 5,378 °F (2,970 °C).
- Pure gold is bright and is a slightly reddish yellow.
- Gold is considered a precious metal.
- Gold was used as coinage (money) in the past.
- Gold is used to make jewelry and art.
- Gold is used in electronics, like computers, to create corrosion-free electrical connectors.
- Gold is used for medicinal purposes, like treating certain types of cancer and dentistry (gold tooth).
- As of 2017, it’s estimated that over 206,000 tons of gold has been mined and is above ground.
- If you took all the gold above ground and made it into a perfect cube that cube would have an edge length of 68.9 feet.
- The value of all the gold above ground is over $10 trillion at $1,610 per troy ounce (02/2020 price).
- As of 2017, China is the world’s largest producer of gold.
- As of 2014, the largest gold mine (by production) in the world is the Muruntau mine in Uzbekistan, Asia.
- The word gold means yellow and comes from the Old English word “geolu”.
Additional Resources on Gold
- Gold- RSC – Read more about Gold on the Royal Society of Chemistry website.
- Gold – JLabs – Learn more about the gold chemical element on the Thomas Jefferson Labs website.
- Gold – Britannica – Find more interesting facts about gold on the Britannica website.
- Gold – Wikipedia – Discover some fun facts about gold on the Wikipedia website.