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- Name: Beryllium
- Symbol: Be
- Atomic Number: 4
- Atomic Weight: 9.012182 u
- Period: 2
- Group: 2
26 Beryllium Facts for Kids
- Beryllium is a chemical element on the periodic table.
- Beryllium is a lightweight and brittle hard metal.
- Beryllium has a white-gray metallic color in its pure form.
- The symbol for beryllium is Be.
- The atomic number for beryllium is 4.
- The standard atomic weight for beryllium is 9.012182 u.
- Beryllium is a solid at room temperature.
- Beryllium is in the alkaline earth metal element category on the periodic table.
- Beryllium is a period 2 chemical element, which is the second row on the periodic table.
- Beryllium is a group 2 chemical element, which is the alkaline earth metal group.
- Beryllium is in the s-block on the periodic table of elements.
- The electron configuration for beryllium is [He] 2s2.
- The electrons per shell for beryllium are 2, 2.
- Beryllium only has one stable isotope.
- The only known stable beryllium isotope is 9Be.
- The stable beryllium isotope (9Be) is a primordial isotope.
- The melting point for beryllium is 2,349 °F (1,287 °C).
- The boiling point for beryllium is 4,476 °F (2,469 °C).
- Beryllium was discovered by French Chemist Louis N. Vauquelin in 1798.
- Beryllium was first isolated in two independent experiments by French chemist Antoine Bussy and German chemist Friedrich Wöhler in 1828.
- The Sun in our Solar System has 0.1 parts per billion of beryllium.
- The Earth’s crust has between 2 to 6 parts per million of beryllium.
- The two primary ores that are used to obtain beryllium are beryl and bertrandite.
- The largest producer of beryllium is the United States of America with 170 metric tons produced annually.
- Beryllium is used by aerospace industries due to its lightweight and stability in a wide range of temperatures.
- Heavy exposure to beryllium and its compounds can cause berylliosis, also known as chronic beryllium disease (CBD).
Additional Resources on the Chemical Element Beryllium
- Beryllium – Learn more about the chemical element beryllium on the U.S. National Library of Medicine website.
- Beryllium (Be) – Discover more facts about beryllium on the Royal Society of Chemistry website.
- Beryllium – Wikipedia – Find more beryllium facts on the Wikipedia website.