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- Name: Bismuth
- Symbol: Bi
- Atomic Number: 83
- Atomic Weight: 208.9804 u
- Period: 6
- Group: 15
26 Bismuth Facts for Kids
- Bismuth is a chemical element on the periodic table.
- Bismuth is a brittle metal.
- Bismuth has a silvery white color, but if the surface oxidizes it can have a iridescent tinge.
- The symbol for bismuth is Bi.
- The atomic number for bismuth is 83.
- The standard atomic weight of bismuth is 208.9804 u.
- Bismuth is a solid at room temperature.
- Bismuth is in the post-transition metal element category on the periodic table.
- Bismuth is a period 6 chemical element, which is the sixth row on the periodic table.
- Bismuth is a group 15 chemical element, which is the nitrogen group.
- Bismuth is in the p-block on the periodic table of elements.
- The electron configuration for bismuth is [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3.
- The electrons per shell for bismuth are 2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 5.
- There are 41 known isotopes for bismuth, and they range from 184Bi to 224Bi.
- There are no known stable isotopes for bismuth, however bismuth-209 (209Bi) is sometimes considered stable due to its half-life, which is billions of times more than the estimated age of the universe.
- The melting point for bismuth is 520.7 °F (271.5 °C).
- The boiling point for bismuth is 2,847 °F (1,564 °C).
- Bismuth has been known for a long time and was discovered by Arabic alchemists prior to 1,000 AD.
- It’s estimated that bismuth is around twice as abundant as gold in the Earth’s crust.
- The primary ores mined to produced bismuth are bismuthinite and bismite.
- In 2017, the worldwide production of bismuth was over 15,400 tons.
- In 2017, the world’s largest producer of bismuth was China with over 12,100 tons.
- The bismuth containing compound bibrocathol is used to treat eye infections and reduce eye swelling.
- Bismuth is used in iron metal alloys that are used for fire suppression sprinkler systems.
- The compound bismuth subsalicylate is used to prevent diarrhea.
- The compound bismuth oxychloride is occasionally used as a pigment in cosmetic products.
Additional Resources on the Chemical Element Bismuth
- Bismuth – Learn more about the chemical element bismuth on the U.S. National Library of Medicine website.
- Bismuth (Bi) – Discover more facts about bismuth on the Royal Society of Chemistry website.
- Bismuth – Wikipedia – Find more bismuth facts on the Wikipedia website.