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- Name: Aluminium
- Symbol: AI
- Atomic Number: 13
- Atomic Weight: 26.981539 u
- Period: 3
- Group: 13
25 Aluminium Facts for Kids
- Aluminium is a chemical element on the periodic table.
- Aluminium was first discovered and isolated by Danish physicist and chemist Hans Christian Ørsted in 1824.
- Aluminium got its variant name aluminum from Cornish chemist and inventor Humphry Davy in 1812.
- Aluminium got its name from British scientist Thomas Young in 1812.
- In the United States and Canada this element is spelled aluminum and everywhere else in the world it’s aluminium.
- Aluminium is a solid at room temperature.
- The symbol for aluminium is AI.
- The atomic number for aluminium is 13.
- The standard atomic weight for aluminium is 26.981539 u.
- Aluminium is in the post-transition metal element category on the periodic table.
- Aluminium is a period 3 chemical element, which is the third row on the periodic table.
- Aluminium is a group 13 chemical element, which is the boron group.
- Aluminium has one stable isotope.
- The melting point for aluminium is 1,220.58 °F (660.32 °C).
- The boiling point for aluminium is 4,478 °F (2,470 °C).
- Aluminium is the 3rd most abundant element found on Earth.
- Aluminium makes up around 8% of the mass of Earth’s crust.
- Aluminium is a popular non-ferrous metal, which is a metal with little to no iron.
- Aluminium is a ductile metal that can bend and be shaped with ease.
- Aluminium has a lot of applications. It’s used in a wide range of household items, building materials, packaging and transportation vehicles (cars, planes, etc.).
- Aluminium is an excellent building material because it weighs only a third of what steel weighs and it doesn’t rust.
- In 2016, over 64 tons of aluminium were produced worldwide.
- In 2016, the largest producer of aluminium was China and it produced 55% of all the aluminium that year.
- Aluminium can be recycled continuously and only 5% of the energy used to create it is required to recycle it.
- It is far cheaper to recycle aluminium than to produce new aluminium.
Additional Resources on Aluminium