Flood Facts for Kids
This web page contains flood facts for kids and is a great resource for anyone of any age researching floods. Our goal is to provide you with the latest and most accurate flood facts from scientific sources. In addition to flood facts, you’ll find some shocking flood pictures and additional resources for researching floods.
The flood facts listed below will help you learn about the different types of floods, what can cause a flood, past historic floods and other useful flooding facts. Our goal is to provide you with the latest and most accurate flood facts from scientific sources.
If any of the below flood facts are inaccurate, please contact us and let us know.
16 Flood Facts for Kids
- A flood is when land that is usually dry is submerged by an overflow of water.
- There are five different types of flooding and they are aerial, catastrophic, coastal, riverine and urban flooding.
- Aerial flooding is caused by heavy rainfall or snowmelt.
- Catastrophic flooding is caused by infrastructure failure, like the failure of a levee or dam.
- Coastal flooding is caused by rising sea levels, like a storm surge caused by a hurricane.
- Riverine (Channel) flooding is caused by water overflowing from a lake, pond, river or stream.
- Urban flooding is caused by a drainage system or a storm sewer system that is overwhelmed.
- A flash flood is the sudden and rapid flooding of an area that is prone to flooding.
- Flash floods are caused by heavy rain, hurricanes, severe thunderstorms, tropical storms or melting snow.
- A flash flood watch is a weather alert issued by the National Weather Service. The NWS issues this type of weather alert when the conditions are right for flash flooding.
- A flash flood warning is a weather alert issued by the National Weather Service. The NWS issues this type of weather alert when a flash flood is occurring or is imminent.
- Damage caused by flooding can reach into the billions of dollars.
- Around 90% of all the natural disaster declartions in the United States are related to some sort of flooding.
- Many automobile vehicles can float in as little as one foot of water during a flood.
- As little as two feet of rushing flood water can carry away an automobile, including a pick-up truck or SUV.
- The deadliest flood on record was the 1939 China floods, also known as the 1931 Yangtze-Huai River floods. Some estimates have the death toll as high as four million people. This flood is also considered the deadliest natural disaster in recorded history.
Additional Resources for Flood Research
- Severe Weather 101: Flood Basics – Some basic flood facts for kids from the National Severe Storms Laboratory.
- Flood Safety Tips and Resources – Learn how to be safe during a flood by checking out this website from the National Weather Service.
- Floodwater After a Disaster or Emergency – Learn about the dangers of floodwater from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
- List of Significant Flood Events – See a list of major flood events going back as far as 1978.