A Picture of a Flood

Flood Facts for Kids

This web page contains flood facts for kids and is a great resource for anyone of any age researching floods. Our goal is to provide you with the latest and most accurate flood facts from scientific sources. In addition to flood facts, you'll find some shocking flood pictures and additional resources for researching floods.

The flood facts listed below will help you learn about the different types of floods, what can cause a flood, past historic floods and other useful flooding facts. Our goal is to provide you with the latest and most accurate flood facts from scientific sources.

If any of the below flood facts are inaccurate, please contact us and let us know.


14 Flood Facts for Kids

  1. A flood is when land that is usually dry is submerged by an overflow of water.
  2. There are 5 different types of flooding. They are areal, catastrophic, coastal, riverine and urban flooding.
  3. Areal flooding is caused by heavy rainfall or snowmelt.
  4. Catastrophic flooding is caused by infrastructure failure, such as a collapsed dam.
  5. Coastal flooding is caused by rising sea levels, like a storm surge from hurricane.
  6. Riverine (Channel) flooding is caused by overflow from a lake, pond, river or stream.
  7. Urban flooding is caused by a drainage and/or a storm sewer system that is overwhelmed.
  8. A flash flood is the sudden and rapid flooding of an area that is prone to flooding..
  9. Flash floods are caused by heavy rain, hurricanes, severe thunderstorms, tropical storms or melting snow.
  10. A flash flood watch is an alert issued by the National Weather Service when the conditions are right for flash flooding.
  11. A flash flood warning is an alert issued by the National Weather Service when a flash flood is occurring or is imminent.
  12. Many automobile vehicles can float in as little as a foot of water during a flood.
  13. As little as two feet of rushing flood water can carry away an automobile, including a pick-up truck or SUV.
  14. The deadliest flood on record was the 1939 China floods, also known as the 1931 Yangtze-Huai River floods. Some estimates have the death toll as high as four million people. This flood is also considered the deadliest natural disaster in recorded history.

Additional Resources for Flood Research