: Around 4.5 billion years ago
: January 8th 1610 by Galileo Galilei
Distance from Jupiter
: Between 413,126 miles (perigee) and 420,629 miles (apogee)
Distance from the Sun
: Around 484,000,000 miles
Time to Orbit Around Jupiter
: About 3 and a half Earth days
Total Surface Area
: 19,021,969 square miles
13 Europa Facts for Kids
Europa formed around 4.5 billion years ago.
Europa was discovered by Galileo Galilei on January 8th, 1610.
Europa is one of Jupiter’s seventy-nine known moons.
Europa has a radius of about 969 miles.
The closest Europa gets to Jupiter is 413,126 miles (perigee).
The farthest Europa gets from Jupiter is 420,629 miles (apogee).
It takes Europa about three and a half Earth days to orbit the planet Jupiter.
Jupiter's moon Europa is one of the most likely locations in our solar system that could potentially harbor life.
Europa has a very thin atmosphere that is primarily oxygen.
The surface of Europa is mostly comprised of solid water ice.
The surface temperature of Europa is never warmer than -260 degrees Fahrenheit.
It’s possible that Europa might have twice as much water under its surface than all the water on Earth.
As of 2019, Europa has been visited by five spacecrafts. The spacecrafts names were Pioneer 10 (1973), Pioneer 11 (1974), Voyager 1 (1979), Voyager 2 (1979) and Galileo (Between 1995 and 2003).
Jupiter Moon Facts
Callisto Moon Facts
Europa Moon Facts
Ganymede Moon Facts
Io Moon Facts
Pictures of the moon Europa
A photo of Europa taken by NASA's Galileo spacecraft in the late 1990s.
A photo of Europa with a really nice close-up view of the surface.
An artist's concept of what a plume of watervapor might look like.
Additional Resources on Jupiter's Moon Europa
Europa Moon - Wikipedia
– Discover more about Europa on the Wikipedia website.
In Depth | Europa – NASA Solar System Exploration
– Learn more about Europa on the NASA Solar System Exploration website.
Overview | Europa – NASA Solar System Exploration
– Find out more facts about Europa on the NASA Solar System Exploration website.
Europa: Facts About Jupiter's Icy Moon and Its Ocean
– Explore Europa more on the Space.com website.