A Picture of the Earth's Moon

Moon Facts

  • Moon Name: Luna or The Moon
  • Formed: 4.51 billion years ago
  • Discovered: Over 5000 years ago
  • Distance from Earth: Between 225,633 miles (perigee) and 252,088 miles (apogee)
  • Distance from the Sun: 93,205,678 miles on average
  • Time to Orbit Around Earth: About 27 Days
  • Total Surface Area: 23,549,968 square miles

23 Moon Facts for Kids

  1. The Moon formed shortly after the planet Earth, about 4.51 billion years ago.
  2. The Moon is Earth’s only natural satellite (a planet’s moon).
  3. The Moon is the closest natural satellite (a planet’s moon) to the sun.
  4. The Moon is the fifth largest moon in our solar system.
  5. The Moon is the second densest moon in our solar system.
  6. The Moon has no atmosphere.
  7. The radius of Earth’s only Moon is about 1,079 miles.
  8. The closest the Moon gets to Earth is 225,633 miles (perigee).
  9. The farthest the Moon gets from Earth is 252,088 miles (apogee).
  10. It takes the Moon about 27 days to orbit the planet Earth.
  11. The Moon is the second most visible celestial object in our sky only beat by our Sun.
  12. The Moon’s gravitational influence on Earth is what causes body tides, ocean tides and lengthening of days.
  13. The Moon as eight phases: New Moon, Waxing Crescent, First Quarter, Waxing Gibbous, Full Moon, Waning Gibbous, Last Quarter and Waning Crescent.
  14. A lunar eclipse is when the Moon passes behind the Earth and enters it shadow.
  15. The Soviet Union Luna 2 spacecraft was the first spacecraft to reach the surface of the Moon.
  16. The Soviet Union Luna 3 spacecraft was the first spacecraft to take pictures of the far side of the moon.
  17. The Soviet Union Luna 9 spacecraft was the first spacecraft to successfully land on the Moon.
  18. The Soviet Union Luna 10 spacecraft was the first spacecraft to successfully orbit the Moon unmanned..
  19. The United States of America’s Apollo 8 mission was the first successful manned orbit of the Moon.
  20. The United States of America’s Apollo 11 mission was the first successful manned mission where a human walked on the Moon.
  21. The Moon is very slowly leaving Earth’s orbit. It moves about 1.5 inches farther away from Earth every year.
  22. On the Moon, you only weigh about 16.5% of what you weigh on Earth. This is due to how much weaker the gravity on the Moon is compared to Earth.
  23. In the 1950s, the United States had a secret project called Project A119. The plan was to detonate a nuclear weapon on the surface of the Moon as a show of strength.

Earth Moon Facts

Additional Resources on the Earth's Moon