- Name: Pantheon
- Location: Rome, Italy, Europe
- Address: Piazza della Rotonda, 00186 Roma RM, Italy
- Structure Type: Roman Temple
- Built: Between 113 and 125 CE
- Built by: Roman emperor Hadrian
- Significance: A famous, well preserved Ancient Roman building
20 Pantheon Facts for Kids
- The Pantheon is a former ancient Roman temple, that is today used as a Catholic church.
- The Pantheon is a one of the most famous and well preserved Ancient Roman buildings.
- The street address for the Pantheon is Piazza della Rotonda, 00186 Roma RM, Italy.
- The Pantheon was built on the site of an older Roman temple that was destroyed by a fire.
- Roman emperor Hadrian ordered the Patheon to be built.
- The Pantheon was built between 113 and 125 CE.
- The dome of the Pantheon is the largest unsupported concert dome in the world.
- The unique concert mixture used by the Roman’s has allowed the Pantheon and many other ancient Roman structures to survive for almost two thousand years.
- It’s estimated that the dome of the Pantheon weighs over 4,900 tons.
- The thickness of the Pantheon’s dome varies. It’s thicker at the base and gets thinner as it goes up to the oculus.
- The thickness part of the Pantheon’s dome is 30 feet, while the thinness part is 3.9 feet.
- The height of the Pantheon and the diameter of the dome are the same, both are 142 feet.
- The oculus at the top of the dome is open, allowing sunlight and rain to fall into the Pantheon.
- There are drains within the floor of the Pantheon to help remove water when it rains.
- Sunlight from the oculus moves around the building throughout the day.
- Some believe that sunlight from the oculus may have been used to tell time or acknowledge special days.
- The Pantheon was gifted to Pope Boniface IV in 609 CE by Byzantine emperor Flavius Phocas.
- Today, the Pantheon is used by the Roman Catholic Church.
- The Roman Catholic Church calls the Pantheon the Church of St. Mary of the Martyrs.
- In 2013, it was estimated that more than six million people visited the Pantheon.
Pictures of the Pantheon
A street view picture of the Pantheon in Italy.
A picture of the Pantheon during a sunset in Rome.
A picture of the Pantheon during the nighttime.
A picture of the pillars inside of the Pantheon.
A picture of the famous hole in the ceiling of the Pantheon.
A picture of light coming through the hole of the Pantheon.
Find More Facts About the Pantheon
- The Pantheon – Learn about the Pantheon in Rome on the Italy Guides website.
- Pantheon, Rome – Wikipedia – Discover more about the Pantheon on the Wikipedia website.
- Pantheon – Britannica – Find more cool facts and information about the Pantheon on the Britannica website.
- Pantheon Virtual Tour – Visit the Pantheon from your PC with this virtual tour by 360 Cities.