Pantheon Facts for Kids

A Picture of the Pantheon
  • Name: Pantheon
  • Location: Rome, Italy, Europe
  • Address: Piazza della Rotonda, 00186 Roma RM, Italy
  • Structure Type: Roman Temple
  • Built: Between 113 and 125 CE
  • Built by: Roman emperor Hadrian
  • Significance: A famous, well preserved Ancient Roman building

20 Pantheon Facts for Kids

  1. The Pantheon is a former ancient Roman temple, that is today used as a Catholic church.
  2. The Pantheon is a one of the most famous and well preserved Ancient Roman buildings.
  3. The street address for the Pantheon is Piazza della Rotonda, 00186 Roma RM, Italy.
  4. The Pantheon was built on the site of an older Roman temple that was destroyed by a fire.
  5. Roman emperor Hadrian ordered the Patheon to be built.
  6. The Pantheon was built between 113 and 125 CE.
  7. The dome of the Pantheon is the largest unsupported concert dome in the world.
  8. The unique concert mixture used by the Roman’s has allowed the Pantheon and many other ancient Roman structures to survive for almost two thousand years.
  9. It’s estimated that the dome of the Pantheon weighs over 4,900 tons.
  10. The thickness of the Pantheon’s dome varies. It’s thicker at the base and gets thinner as it goes up to the oculus.
  11. The thickness part of the Pantheon’s dome is 30 feet, while the thinness part is 3.9 feet.
  12. The height of the Pantheon and the diameter of the dome are the same, both are 142 feet.
  13. The oculus at the top of the dome is open, allowing sunlight and rain to fall into the Pantheon.
  14. There are drains within the floor of the Pantheon to help remove water when it rains.
  15. Sunlight from the oculus moves around the building throughout the day.
  16. Some believe that sunlight from the oculus may have been used to tell time or acknowledge special days.
  17. The Pantheon was gifted to Pope Boniface IV in 609 CE by Byzantine emperor Flavius Phocas.
  18. Today, the Pantheon is used by the Roman Catholic Church.
  19. The Roman Catholic Church calls the Pantheon the Church of St. Mary of the Martyrs.
  20. In 2013, it was estimated that more than six million people visited the Pantheon.

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