- Common Name: Grasshopper
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Arthropoda
- Class: Insecta
- Order: Orthoptera
- Suborder: Caelifera
- Infraorder: Acrididea
13 Grasshopper Facts for Kids
- Grasshoppers are ground-dwelling insects with the ability to jump long distances to evade threats.
- There are around 11,000 known species of grasshoppers in the Caelifera suborder.
- Grasshoppers can be identified by their two antennas, four small legs, two enlarged legs and elongated shape.
- Grasshoppers are commonly brown and green or a mixture of the two. However, there are some species of grasshoppers that have a wide range of vivid colors, like the rainbow grasshopper (Dactylotum bicolor).
- Grasshoppers are separated into two main groups, short-horned grasshoppers and long-horned grasshoppers.
- The only different between short-horned grasshoppers and long-horned grasshoppers is the size of their antennae.
- Grasshoppers are herbivorous, they eat plants and other types of vegetation.
- A large grasshopper can jump between 10 and 20 times its body length without the aid of its wings.
- A grasshopper’s jump, assisted with its wings, can reach a speed of up to eight miles per hour.
- Some species of grasshoppers have developed with excellent anti-predator defenses. The hooded leaf grasshopper (Phyllochoreia ramakrishnai) mimics the look and colors of certain leaves. Stick grasshoppers (Proscopiidae) mimic the look and color of wooden sticks.
- Grasshoppers are sometimes considered pests and can damage crops.
- A swarm of grasshoppers, also known as locusts, can damage crops over a huge area. These swarms can cost millions and sometimes billions of dollars in damages.
- In many countries, grasshoppers are considered a delicate food.
Resources for more Facts About Grasshoppers
- Grasshoppers and Crickets Indentification Guide – This website makes it easy to identify species of North American grasshoppers and crickets.
- Grasshoppers – Learn more about grasshoppers on the BioKIDS website.
- Grasshopper – Britannica – Explore the Britannica website to find more facts about grasshoppers.