Bed Bug Facts
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Arthropoda
- Class: Insecta
- Order: Hemiptera
- Family: Cimicidae
- Genus: Cimex
- Species: C. lectularius
15 Bed Bug Facts for Kids
- Bed bugs are an insect with flat, round shape body, and usually have a reddish brown color.
- The species of bed bug that is a major nuisance to humans is the Cimex lectularius.
- Bed bugs (C. lectularius) feed exclusively on blood and humans are their primary host.
- Bed bugs can be found anywhere on our planet that has been colonized by humans.
- A bed bug only needs several minutes to complete a feeding.
- Adult bed bugs can survive months without feeding.
- Adult bed bugs can survive in a wide range of temperatures. They can survive in temperatures just above freezing and as hot as 122 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Bed bugs are stealthy and do a great job of evading detection during the daytime.
- Bites from a bed bug affect people differently. Some people will show no signs where they were bitten, others may get a rash or a blister.
- People with a bed bug infestation can have negative psychological effects and even show symptoms of PTSD long after the infestation has been eliminated.
- Bed bugs have been found to be infected with 28 different human pathogens. However, no studies have shown these pathogens can be transmitted back to humans.
- A female bed bug can produce two to three eggs daily if she is able to feed regularly. This means a female bed bug, under ideal conditions can produce hundreds of eggs in a lifetime.
- A research named Regina Gries did work on a pheromone trap for bed bugs. She used herself as a test subject and allowed bed bugs to feed on her, resulting in 20,000+ bites.
- Bed bugs have evolved to become resistant to pesticides, making it difficult to eliminate infestations.
- Methods used to eliminate bed bug populations that are resistant to pesticides include vacuuming, steam treating and heating to temperatures above 122 degrees Fahrenheit.
Bed Bug Pictures
A picture of bed bug adults and nymphs.
A picture of a mattress seam with bed bugs.
Credit: Texas A&M AgriLife Ext. Service
A picture of bed bug bites on an arm.
Additional Resources on Bed Bugs
- Bed Bugs Entomology – Learn more about bed bugs on the Entomology University of Kentucky website.
- Bed Bugs – Wikipedia – Discover more facts about bed bugs on the Wikipedia website.
- How to Identify Bedbugs and How to Get Rid of Them – A useful guide by WebMD on how to identify bed bugs and how to get ride of bed bugs.
- How to Identify and Remove Bed Bugs – Another useful guide by Orkin on how to identify and remove bed bugs.