Battle Belligerents: Soviet Union and Nazi Germany
Battle Winner: Soviet Union
Total Casualties: Over 1.2 million
18 Battle of Moscow Facts for Kids
The Battle of Moscow was a military campaign on the Eastern Front during World War 2.
The Battle of Moscow, also known as Operation Typhoon by the Germans, was one of many military campaigns that were part of the Nazi Germany’s invasion of the Soviet Union (Operation Barbarossa).
The Battle of Moscow was fought between the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany.
The Battle of Moscow was fought between October 2nd, 1941 and January 7th, 1942.
The Battle of Moscow was fought for 3 months and 5 days.
The Battle of Moscow was won by the Soviet Union.
The Soviet Union’s victory of the Battle of Moscow effectively ended the German’s invasion and marks the beginning of the Soviet Union’s counter-offensives.
The Soviet Union fought the Battle of Moscow with 1.25 million soldiers, 7,600 guns and 545 aircraft.
By the end of the Battle of Moscow, the Soviet Union had over 1 million casualties.
Nazi Germany fought the Battle of Moscow with about 1.5 million soldiers, 14,000 guns and 549 aircraft.
By the end of the Battle of Moscow, Nazi Germany had between 174,000 and 581,000 casualties.
The Germans thought the Battle of Moscow would be an easier victory and they estimated that they could capture Moscow within four months of the start of Operation Barbarossa.
At the onset of the Battle of Moscow the German forces successfully surrounded and defeated the Soviet Union in Bryansk and Vyazma.
The Mozhaisk defense line was constructed to protect Moscow's western regions, but the Germans were able to break through this defense line.
The Soviet Union rushed to fortify Moscow and according to the Georgy Zhukov, the Marshal of the Soviet Union, around 250,000 women and adolescents helped build trenches and anti-tank moats. Zhukov claimed these 250,000 women and adolescents moved over 105 million cubic feet of earth without any mechanical help.
The Soviet Union created artificial floods by blowing up dams to help defend Moscow, however this caused between 30 and 40 villages to be flooded.
Ultimately the Soviet Union was able to defend Moscow, and Germans never set foot in the capital.
The weather in 1941-42 during the Battle of Moscow was in favor of the Soviet Union. It’s reported that at the time it was the coldest winter of the 20th century in Europe. The German armed forces weren’t prepared or supplied properly for the brutal winter.