A Picture of a Rainbow

Rainbow Facts for Kids

This web page contains rainbow facts for kids and is a great resource for anyone of any age researching rainbows. Our goal is to provide you with the latest and most accurate rainbow facts from scientific sources. In addition to rainbow facts, you'll find some pretty rainbow pictures and additional resources for researching rainbow.

The facts about rainbows listed below will help you learn what a rainbow is, what causes a rainbow to color, the colors of a rainbow, the different types of rainbows and other interesting rainbow facts. We hope these facts about rainbows are helpful and help you learn more about this beautiful meteorological event.

If any of the below rainbow facts are inaccurate, please contact us and let us know.


11 Rainbow Facts for Kids

  1. A rainbow is a meteorological phenomenon that is a multi-colored arc that form in the Earth’s upper atmosphere.
  2. A rainbow is a spectrum of light reflecting, refracting, or dispersing through water droplets in the earth’s atmosphere.
  3. A rainbow is an optical illusion of light and water in the atmosphere and can’t be physically touched.
  4. Rainbows can appear in fog, rain, mist or dew.
  5. There are nine common types of rainbows. They are primary, double, twinned, full-circle, supernumerary, reflected, monochrome, higher-order and fogbow.
  6. The arch of a rainbow is always 42 degrees.
  7. Red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet are the main colors of a rainbow that can be seen by the human eye.
  8. A common mnemonic used to remember the colors of a rainbow are ROYGBIV or ROY-G-BIV.
  9. No two people see the same rainbow.
  10. You cannot touch a rainbow, it’s just light that is bent and reflected.
  11. The shape of a rainbow is a circle, not an arch. However, we see them as a U shape because we’re viewing it from the ground.

Additional Resources for Rainbow Research