Born: October 25th, 1881 in Málaga, Spain, United States
Died: April 8th, 1973 in Mougins, France, Europe
Resting Place: Château of Vauvenargues
Legacy: Famous for being an influential artist in the 20th century
21 Pablo Picasso Facts for Kids
Pablo Picasso is a famous Spanish artist from the 20th century.
Pablo Picasso is most famous for being considered one of the most influential artists of the 20th century.
Pablo Picasso was born on October 25th, 1881 in Málaga, Spain, Europe.
Pablo Picasso was the son of Spanish painter and teacher José Ruiz y Blasco and María Picasso y López.
Pablo Picasso was one of two children by José Ruiz y Blasco and María Picasso y López.
Pablo Picasso had a younger sister named Lola who died at the age of seven in 1895.
Pablo Picasso was married twice in his lifetime.
Pablo Picasso married his first wife Ukrainian ballet dancer Olga Khokhlova on July 12th, 1918 at the Russian Orthodox Cathedral. They remained legally married until her death in 1955.
Pablo Picasso married his second wife Jacqueline Picasso on March 2nd, 1961 in Vallauris France. They remained married until Picasso’s death in 1873.
Pablo Picasso had four children with three different women throughout his lifetime. He had one child with his first wife Olga named Paulo Picasso. He had another child with his partner Marie-Thérèse Walter named Maya Picasso. His two remaining children were with his partner Françoise Gilot named Claude and Paloma Picasso.
Pablo Picasso died at the age of 91 from pulmonary edema and heart failure on April 8th, 1973 in Mougins, France.
At the time of his death, Picasso was one of the most well-known art figures in the 20th century.
Between 1901 and 1904, Picasso painted monochromatic paintings. He used mostly shades of blue and blue-green. This period in Picasso’s career is known as Picasso’s Blue Period. A few examples of paintings during this part of his career are the “The Greedy Child”, “The soup” and the “Woman with a Helmet of Hair”.
Between 1904 and 1906, Picasso introduced heavy pink tones into his work. This period in Picasso’s career is known as Picasso’s Rose Period. A few examples of paintings during this part of his career are “The Actor”, “The Mother and Child”, “Family of Saltimbanques” and “Death of Harlequin”.
Between 1907 and 1909, Picasso’s work was heavily influenced by African sculptures. This period in Piccaso’s career is known as Picasso’s African Period. A few examples of paintings during this part of his career are “Pitcher and Bowls”, “Three Women”, “House on the Hill” and “Meditation”.
Between 1909 and 1912, Picasso painted using monochrome brownish and neutral colors. This painting style was known as analytic cubism and the style was created with French painter Georges Braque.
Between 1912 and 1919, Picasso started to integrate cut paper fragments into his paintings. This painting style was known as synthetic cubism.
Between 1919 and 1929, Picasso started painting works in neoclassical and surrealism. A few examples of Picasso’s work during this time period are “Olga in an Armchair” and “Sleeping Peasants”.
In 1937, Picasso painted the Guernica oil painting. Many argue this is Picasso’s most famous painting. This painting depicts the German bombing of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War.
Between 1940 and 1944, Picasso remained in Paris under the German occupied of France during World War 2.
Between 1968 and 1971, Picasso created hundreds of paintings and copper sketches.