: Troglodytes gorilla
: Between 35 and 40 years
: 4 to 6 feet (average)
: 300 to 400 pounds (average)
18 Gorilla Facts for Kids
Gorillas are large apes that are a member of the Hominiae subfamily and gorilla genus.
The type species for gorillas is the Troglodytes gorilla.
There are two species of gorillas. They are the eastern gorilla (Gorilla beringei) and the western gorilla (Gorilla gorilla).
Gorillas are the largest living primate.
Gorilla can be found in Central Africa.
Gorillas have a lifespan between 35 and 40 years in the wild, in captivity their lifespan can extend beyond 50 years.
The average height of a gorilla is 4 to 6 feet.
The average weight of a gorilla is 300 to 400 pounds.
Gorillas are herbivores and eat vegetation.
Gorillas eat so much vegetation that they rarely need to drink water.
Gorillas are social animals and live in groups called troops or bands.
Gorillas reach sexual maturity between seven and eleven years old, with females reaching it faster than males.
The gestation (conception to birth) period for a female gorilla is nine months.
Gorillas are highly intelligent animals. A gorilla named Koko was taught a subset of sign language.
Gorillas have opposable thumbs just like humans.
Gorillas have very similar DNA to humans, about 95-99% depending on what is included in the DNA analysis.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature lists western gorillas (Gorilla gorilla) as critically endangered.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature lists eastern gorilla (Gorilla beringei) as critically endangered.
More Animal Facts
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A photo of a group of gorillas.
Credit: Andy Rouse / Naturepl.com
A photo of a mother and baby gorilla.
Credit: San Diego Zoo
A close-up picture of a gorilla.
Credit: Gorilla Doctors
Additional Resources on Gorillas
What do gorillas eat? And other Gorilla Facts
– Learn what gorillas eat and other cool facts about gorillas.
Eastern gorilla - Wikipedia
– Learn more about the western gorilla (Gorilla gorilla) on the Wikipedia website.
Western gorilla - Wikipedia
– Learn more about the eastern gorilla (Gorilla beringei) on the Wikipedia website.
Primate Factsheets: Gorilla (Gorilla)
– A factsheet on gorillas.